Digital Deformities

Toe deformities are a deviation from the regular anatomy of the toe, or toes that aren’t straight. These include bunions, hammer toes, retracted and clawed digits, mallet toes, bunionettes and overlapping toes. Factors leading to toe deformities include genetics, poor footwear, improper biomechanics and trauma. Each toe deformity is examined on a case-by-case basis and treatment options could include custom-fitted orthotics, changing footwear, padding and toe spacers. Contact us to set up an assessment to determine the cause of your toe deformities and what options are available to you.


Medically known as Hallux Abducto Valgus, bunions are a condition characterized by a large bony prominence on the side of the joint of the big toe. Often patients present with pain, swelling, redness in the area, as well as associated lesser toe deformities. One of the most commonly asked questions is “What causes a bunion?” Although there is no straightforward answer, it is usually a combination of genetics, improper footwear, biomechanics, age and injury.

Plantal fasciitis

The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects our heel bone to our toes. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of this tissue resulting in heel pain. It is one of the most common foot ailments and can have a significant impact on one’s life. It is caused by improper biomechanics, predisposed in certain foot types and more common in overweight patients, runners, and those in unsupportive footwear.


Is a general term describing numerous conditions affecting the forefoot. It is often caused by an overuse injury as a result of improper footwear and biomechanical issues. Management consists of establishing the root cause(s) and developing a treatment plan conducive for each individual.

Diabetic foot

 For the diabetic foot, treatment with orthoses is based specifically on prevention of skin breakdown and potential ulceration. Improper foot mechanics and ill-fitting footwear can lead to foot deformity, which alters the pressures of the foot leading to skin lesions (callus and corns). Since diabetics can have delayed healing times, any lesion in the skin can lead to ulceration.

Soft cushioned and supportive custom made orthotics will significantly help eliminate the risk of ulceration from occurring. Additionally, education on diet, medication and lifestyle management is essential in treating this condition.

Achilles tendinitis

Achilles Tendonitis is an inflammation of the achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects the calf muscles to the back your heel. It is a common overuse injury which is mainly seen in athletes.

Corns & Callus

They consist of soft tissue lesions caused by abnormal friction and pressure of the foot as a result of improper footwear and poor foot mechanics. These can be painful and lead to long term management issues. Addressing these conditions early will help minimize or prevent reoccurrence.


It is an informal term representing over a 100 conditions causing joint pain and stiffness. Degenerative or osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form affecting the feet. OA occurs when the smooth cartilage surface between two bones wears down, which creates bone on bone friction. This can lead to joint stiffness and chronic pain. Management is focused on prevention, which is aimed at reducing and protecting all of the foot joints from poor biomechanics.

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